**Earthworks and Volumes**

Lecture notes (15 pages) on the development of formula relating to earthworks and volume computations associated with surveying applications.

Earthworks and Volumes.pdf

**Fluid Theory relating to Flow of Water in Pipes**

Lecture notes (31 pages) developing the formula used in flow of water in pipes in engineering surveying problems.

Fluid.pdf

**Horizontal Curves**

Lecture notes on horizontal curves, including the clothoid spiral, used in surveying (30 pages)

Horizontal Curves.pdf

**Planes, Lines and Direction Cosines**

Lecture notes (14 pages) on the equations of lines and planes, including ‘dip and strike’ of inclined planes.

PLANES.pdf

**Stream Gauging**

Lecture notes (16 pages) on stream gauging including weir formulas.

Stream.pdf

**The Prismoidal Correction**

Technical paper on the prismoidal correction in earthwork volume computations (11 pages). Presented at the 22nd Victorian Regional Survey Conference, Beechworth, 20-21 February, 2009.

Prismoidal Formula 2.pdf

**Vertical Curves**

Lecture notes (34 pages) on parabolic vertical curves in surveying applications.

Vertical Curves.pdf

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